Brownsville is a relatively large coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of Texas. With a population of 183,887 people and 46 constituent neighborhoods, Brownsville is the 16th largest community in Texas.
Unlike some cities where white-collar or blue-collar occupations dominate the local economy, Brownsville is neither predominantly one nor the other. Instead, it has a mixed workforce of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Brownsville is a city of service providers, sales and office workers, and professionals. There are especially a lot of people living in Brownsville who work in sales jobs (12.43%), office and administrative support (11.83%), and teaching (9.46%).
Brownsville is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Quite often, nautical areas such as these attract visitors and locals who come to enjoy the scenery and various waterfront activities.
The education level of Brownsville citizens, measured as those with bachelor's degrees or advanced degrees, is similar to the national average for all American cities and towns. 17.15% of adults 25 and older in Brownsville have a college degree.
The per capita income in Brownsville in 2010 was $14,124, which is low income relative to Texas and the nation. This equates to an annual income of $56,496 for a family of four. However, Brownsville contains both very wealthy and poor people as well. Brownsville also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 35.72% of its population below the federal poverty line.
The people who call Brownsville home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. People of Hispanic or Latino origin are the most prevalent group in Brownsville, accounting for 93.74% of the city’s residents (people of Hispanic or Latino origin can be of any race). The greatest number of Brownsville residents report their race to be White, followed by Asian. Important ancestries of people in Brownsville include Irish, English, French , and Italian.
Foreign born people are also an important part of Brownsville's cultural character, accounting for 29.70% of the city’s population.
The most common language spoken in Brownsville is Spanish. Other important languages spoken here include English and Tagalog.