Vermillion, SD
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Living in Vermillion


Vermillion is a somewhat small city located in the state of South Dakota. With a population of 10,738 people and two constituent neighborhoods, Vermillion is the tenth largest community in South Dakota.

Unlike some cities where white-collar or blue-collar occupations dominate the local economy, Vermillion is neither predominantly one nor the other. Instead, it has a mixed workforce of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Vermillion is a city of professionals, sales and office workers, and service providers. There are especially a lot of people living in Vermillion who work in teaching (16.92%), sales jobs (13.11%), and office and administrative support (12.04%).

Of important note, Vermillion is also a city of artists. Vermillion has more artists, designers and people working in media than 90% of the communities in America. This concentration of artists helps shape Vermillion’s character.

Vermillion is a small town with a large college student population. Because of this, there is a real youthful, hip vibe to the place, and much of the life in the town is centered on the college. This has helped Vermillion to buck the trend of other small towns that have suffered declining populations over the past 20 to 30 years. Spending by students, and faculty and staff jobs, are a big part of the local economy.

Compared to the rest of the country, citizens of Vermillion spend much less time in their cars: on average, their commute to work is only 15.08 minutes. This also means that noise and pollution levels in the city are less than they would otherwise be.

Do you have a 4-year college degree or graduate degree? If so, you may feel right at home in Vermillion. 51.94% of adults here have a 4-year degree or graduate degree, whereas the national average for all cities and towns is just 21.84%.

The per capita income in Vermillion in 2010 was $18,147, which is low income relative to South Dakota, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $72,588 for a family of four. However, Vermillion contains both very wealthy and poor people as well. Vermillion also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 35.68% of its population below the federal poverty line.

Vermillion is a somewhat ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Vermillion home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Vermillion residents report their race to be White, followed by Native American. Important ancestries of people in Vermillion include Irish, Norwegian, English, and Swedish.

The most common language spoken in Vermillion is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and Native American languages.

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