Elmira is a medium-sized city located in the state of New York. With a population of 28,213 people and 12 constituent neighborhoods, Elmira is the 44th largest community in New York. Elmira has a large stock of pre-World War II architecture, making it one of the older and more historic cities in the country.
Unlike some cities where white-collar or blue-collar occupations dominate the local economy, Elmira is neither predominantly one nor the other. Instead, it has a mixed workforce of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Elmira is a city of service providers, sales and office workers, and professionals. There are especially a lot of people living in Elmira who work in office and administrative support (12.86%), sales jobs (11.60%), and food service (8.85%).
Many people in Elmira take advantage of public transportation to get around. In fact, for the size of the city, the number of people who use the bus to commute to work is quite high. This helps to fill a need among Elmira citizens for affordable transportation.
The percentage of adults in Elmira with college degrees is slightly lower than the national average of 21.84% for all communities. 13.95% of adults in Elmira have a bachelor's degree or advanced degree.
The per capita income in Elmira in 2010 was $16,326, which is low income relative to New York and the nation. This equates to an annual income of $65,304 for a family of four. Elmira also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 32.06% of its population below the federal poverty line.
Elmira is a very ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Elmira home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Elmira residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Elmira include German, Italian, English, and Polish.
The most common language spoken in Elmira is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and German.