Cortland is a medium-sized city located in the state of New York. With a population of 18,907 people and seven constituent neighborhoods, Cortland is the 90th largest community in New York. Much of the housing stock in Cortland was built prior to World War II, making it one of the older and more historic cities in the country.
Unlike some cities where white-collar or blue-collar occupations dominate the local economy, Cortland is neither predominantly one nor the other. Instead, it has a mixed workforce of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Cortland is a city of sales and office workers, service providers, and professionals. There are especially a lot of people living in Cortland who work in office and administrative support (14.90%), sales jobs (11.67%), and teaching (9.44%).
Cortland is a small town where college students really create the town feel and character. So many small towns have lost population over the last 20-30 years that having the local college presence in the Cortland area, with all of the energy of the students filling area dorms and apartments each fall, really helps Cortland maintain a good economy.
One of the benefits of Cortland is that there is very little traffic. The average commute to work is 17.58 minutes, which is substantially less than the national average. Not only does this mean that the drive to work is less aggravating, but noise and pollution levels are lower as a result.
The education level of Cortland citizens is a little higher than the average for US cities and towns: 23.41% of adults in Cortland have at least a bachelor's degree.
The per capita income in Cortland in 2010 was $18,999, which is low income relative to New York, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $75,996 for a family of four. However, Cortland contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
The people who call Cortland home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Cortland residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Cortland include Irish, Italian, German, and Dutch.
The most common language spoken in Cortland is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and Italian.