Cortland is a medium-sized city located in the state of New York. With a population of 18,907 people and seven constituent neighborhoods, Cortland is the 90th largest community in New York. Much of the housing stock in Cortland was built prior to World War II, making it one of the older and more historic cities in the country.
Unlike some cities, Cortland isn’t mainly white- or blue-collar. Instead, the most prevalent occupations for people in Cortland are a mix of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Cortland is a city of service providers, sales and office workers, and professionals. There are especially a lot of people living in Cortland who work in office and administrative support (13.45%), sales jobs (11.89%), and food service (8.57%).
Cortland is a small town with a large college student population. Because of this, there is a real youthful, hip vibe to the place, and much of the life in the town is centered on the college. This has helped Cortland to buck the trend of other small towns that have suffered declining populations over the past 20 to 30 years. Spending by students, and faculty and staff jobs, are a big part of the local economy.
Compared to the rest of the country, citizens of Cortland spend much less time in their cars: on average, their commute to work is only 17.86 minutes. This also means that noise and pollution levels in the city are less than they would otherwise be.
The population of Cortland overall has a level of education that is slightly above the US average for all US cities and towns of 21.84%. Of adults 25 and older in Cortland, 23.88% have at least a bachelor's degree.
The per capita income in Cortland in 2010 was $18,807, which is low income relative to New York, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $75,228 for a family of four. However, Cortland contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
The people who call Cortland home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Cortland residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Cortland include Irish, German, Italian, and Dutch.
The most common language spoken in Cortland is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and Japanese.