Salem is a somewhat small coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of New Jersey. With a population of 4,894 people and seven constituent neighborhoods, Salem is the 314th largest community in New Jersey. Salem has an unusually large stock of pre-World War II architecture, making it one of the older and more historic cities.
Unlike some cities where white-collar or blue-collar occupations dominate the local economy, Salem is neither predominantly one nor the other. Instead, it has a mixed workforce of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Salem is a city of service providers, sales and office workers, and production and manufacturing workers. There are especially a lot of people living in Salem who work in office and administrative support (13.22%), healthcare suport services (10.24%), and sales jobs (8.52%).
Salem is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Such areas are often places that visitors and locals go for waterfront activities or taking in the scenery.
For a small city, Salem has a lot of people who use public transit to get to work, and those that do mostly ride the bus. This suggests that a real need for low-cost transportation in Salem exists, and local transit is helping to meet that need.
The percentage of people in Salem with college degrees is quite a bit lower than the national average for cities and towns of 21.84%: just 11.31% of people over 25 have a bachelor's degree or advanced degree.
The per capita income in Salem in 2010 was $18,900, which is low income relative to New Jersey, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $75,600 for a family of four. However, Salem contains both very wealthy and poor people as well. Salem also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 39.55% of its population below the federal poverty line.
Salem is an extremely ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Salem home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Salem residents report their race to be Black or African-American, followed by White. Important ancestries of people in Salem include Irish, Italian, English, and Dutch.
The most common language spoken in Salem is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and French Creole.