Salem is a somewhat small coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of New Jersey. With a population of 4,894 people and seven constituent neighborhoods, Salem is the 314th largest community in New Jersey. Much of the housing stock in Salem was built prior to World War II, making it one of the older and more historic cities in the country.
Unlike some cities where white-collar or blue-collar occupations dominate the local economy, Salem is neither predominantly one nor the other. Instead, it has a mixed workforce of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Salem is a city of service providers, sales and office workers, and professionals. There are especially a lot of people living in Salem who work in office and administrative support (14.02%), healthcare suport services (11.84%), and food service (9.28%).
Salem is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Quite often, nautical areas such as these attract visitors and locals who come to enjoy the scenery and various waterfront activities.
Salem, even though it is a small city, has many people who use public transportation every day to get to and from work. This is a great benefit for people in the, city who have a need for low-cost transportation.
The rate of college-level education in Salem is quite a bit lower than the national average among all cities of 21.84%: just 10.88% of people here over 25 have a bachelor's degree or an advanced degree.
The per capita income in Salem in 2010 was $18,659, which is low income relative to New Jersey, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $74,636 for a family of four. However, Salem contains both very wealthy and poor people as well. Salem also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 40.96% of its population below the federal poverty line.
Salem is an extremely ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Salem home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Salem residents report their race to be Black or African-American, followed by White. Salem also has a sizeable Hispanic population (people of Hispanic origin can be of any race). People of Hispanic or Latino origin account for 11.08% of the city’s residents. Important ancestries of people in Salem include Irish, English, Italian, and Dutch.
The most common language spoken in Salem is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and Portuguese.