Elizabeth is a larger medium-sized coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of New Jersey. With a population of 137,298 people and 31 constituent neighborhoods, Elizabeth is the fourth largest community in New Jersey.
Because occupations involving physical labor dominate the local economy, Elizabeth is generally considered to be a blue-collar town. 40.42% of the Elizabeth workforce is employed in blue-collar occupations, compared to the national average of 27.7%. Overall, Elizabeth is a city of transportation and shipping workers, service providers, and sales and office workers. There are especially a lot of people living in Elizabeth who work in office and administrative support (11.25%), sales jobs (8.70%), and maintenance occupations (6.35%).
Elizabeth is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Quite often, nautical areas such as these attract visitors and locals who come to enjoy the scenery and various waterfront activities.
Although the majority of commuting trips in the city are by private automobile, Elizabeth is somewhat unusual for a city of its size for having a substantial number of people who use public transportation. For a lot of people, taxis helps to get to and from their jobs every morning, which benefits everyone in the Elizabeth area by reducing both traffic and air pollution.
The percentage of adults in Elizabeth with college degrees is slightly lower than the national average of 21.84% for all communities. 14.40% of adults in Elizabeth have a bachelor's degree or advanced degree.
The per capita income in Elizabeth in 2018 was $22,640, which is low income relative to New Jersey, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $90,560 for a family of four. However, Elizabeth contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
Elizabeth is an extremely ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Elizabeth home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. People of Hispanic or Latino origin are the most prevalent group in Elizabeth, accounting for 63.71% of the city’s residents (people of Hispanic or Latino origin can be of any race). The greatest number of Elizabeth residents report their race to be Black or African-American, followed by White. Important ancestries of people in Elizabeth include Portuguese, Haitian, Italian, Brazilian, and Polish.
Foreign born people are also an important part of Elizabeth's cultural character, accounting for 47.46% of the city’s population.
The most common language spoken in Elizabeth is Spanish. Other important languages spoken here include English and Portuguese.