Essex is a medium-sized coastal town (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of Maryland. With a population of 40,330 people and 11 constituent neighborhoods, Essex is the 19th largest community in Maryland.
Unlike some towns, Essex isn’t mainly white- or blue-collar. Instead, the most prevalent occupations for people in Essex are a mix of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Essex is a town of sales and office workers, service providers, and professionals. There are especially a lot of people living in Essex who work in office and administrative support (16.96%), sales jobs (10.87%), and management occupations (6.27%).
Essex is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Quite often, nautical areas such as these attract visitors and locals who come to enjoy the scenery and various waterfront activities.
In Essex, however, the average commute to work is quite long. On average, people spend 30.30 minutes each day getting to work, which is significantly higher than the national average. One bright side is that local public transit is widely used, so it may be an option to avoid the headache of driving in the heavy traffic by leaving the car at home and taking transit.
For the size of the town, public transportation in Essex is quite heavily used. Mostly, people who use it for their daily commute are taking the bus. For Essex, the benefits are reduced air pollution and congestion on the highways.
The percentage of people in Essex with college degrees is quite a bit lower than the national average for cities and towns of 21.84%: just 12.79% of people over 25 have a bachelor's degree or advanced degree.
The per capita income in Essex in 2010 was $24,929, which is lower middle income relative to Maryland, and middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $99,716 for a family of four. However, Essex contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
Essex is an extremely ethnically-diverse town. The people who call Essex home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Essex residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Essex include Irish, Italian, Polish, and English.
The most common language spoken in Essex is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and African languages.