Salem is a medium-sized coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of Massachusetts. With a population of 42,869 people and nine constituent neighborhoods, Salem is the 32nd largest community in Massachusetts. Salem has a large stock of pre-World War II architecture, making it one of the older and more historic cities in the country.
Housing costs in Salem are among some of the highest in the nation, although real estate prices here don't compare to real estate prices in the most expensive communities in Massachusetts.
Salem is a decidedly white-collar city, with fully 87.04% of the workforce employed in white-collar jobs, well above the national average. Overall, Salem is a city of professionals, sales and office workers, and service providers. There are especially a lot of people living in Salem who work in office and administrative support (13.14%), sales jobs (9.59%), and management occupations (9.26%).
Also of interest is that Salem has more people living here who work in computers and math than 95% of the places in the US.
Salem is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Quite often, nautical areas such as these attract visitors and locals who come to enjoy the scenery and various waterfront activities.
Like elsewhere in America, most people in Salem use a private automobile to get to work. But notably, a substantial number of Salem‘s citizens do make use of public transit in their daily commute, primarily riding the train. This helps more people get to work with less air pollution, and require fewer highways to get them there.
The education level of Salem citizens is very high relative to the national average among all cities (21.84%): 38.04% of adults in Salem have a bachelor's degree or even advanced degree.
The per capita income in Salem in 2010 was $32,210, which is lower middle income relative to Massachusetts, and wealthy relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $128,840 for a family of four. However, Salem contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
Salem is a very ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Salem home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Salem residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Salem also has a sizeable Hispanic population (people of Hispanic origin can be of any race). People of Hispanic or Latino origin account for 16.53% of the city’s residents. Important ancestries of people in Salem include Italian, English, French , and German.
The most common language spoken in Salem is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and Portuguese.