Medford is a larger medium-sized coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of Massachusetts. With a population of 57,403 people and 12 constituent neighborhoods, Medford is the 20th largest community in Massachusetts. Medford has a large stock of pre-World War II architecture, making it one of the older and more historic cities in the country.
Housing costs in Medford are among some of the highest in the nation, although real estate prices here don't compare to real estate prices in the most expensive communities in Massachusetts.
Medford is a decidedly white-collar city, with fully 89.36% of the workforce employed in white-collar jobs, well above the national average. Overall, Medford is a city of professionals, sales and office workers, and managers. There are especially a lot of people living in Medford who work in office and administrative support (12.85%), management occupations (11.68%), and sales jobs (9.60%).
Also of interest is that Medford has more people living here who work in computers and math than 95% of the places in the US.
Medford is also nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Quite often, nautical areas such as these attract visitors and locals who come to enjoy the scenery and various waterfront activities.
In Medford, however, the average commute to work is quite long. On average, people spend 30.70 minutes each day getting to work, which is significantly higher than the national average. One bright side is that local public transit is widely used, so it may be an option to avoid the headache of driving in the heavy traffic by leaving the car at home and taking transit. In addition, the city is also quite pedestrian-friendly, because many neighborhoods are very dense and have amenities close enough together that people find it feasible to get around on foot.
For the size of the city, public transportation in Medford is quite heavily used. Mostly, people who use it for their daily commute are taking the subway. For Medford, the benefits are reduced air pollution and congestion on the highways.
Medford is one of the most well-educated cities in the nation. 44.97% of adults in Medford have at least a bachelor's degree. Compare that to the average community in America, which has just 21.84% with a bachelor's degree or higher.
The per capita income in Medford in 2010 was $36,636, which is middle income relative to Massachusetts, and wealthy relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $146,544 for a family of four. However, Medford contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
Medford is a very ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Medford home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Medford residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Medford include Irish, English, German, and Haitian.
Foreign born people are also an important part of Medford's cultural character, accounting for 21.08% of the city’s population.
The most common language spoken in Medford is English. Other important languages spoken here include Portuguese and Spanish.