Jacksonville is a somewhat small city located in the state of Alabama. With a population of 12,222 people and four constituent neighborhoods, Jacksonville is the 56th largest community in Alabama.
Jacksonville is a decidedly white-collar city, with fully 86.34% of the workforce employed in white-collar jobs, well above the national average. Overall, Jacksonville is a city of professionals, service providers, and sales and office workers. There are especially a lot of people living in Jacksonville who work in sales jobs (13.29%), teaching (11.29%), and office and administrative support (9.93%).
Jacksonville is a small town with a large college student population. Because of this, there is a real youthful, hip vibe to the place, and much of the life in the town is centered on the college. This has helped Jacksonville to buck the trend of other small towns that have suffered declining populations over the past 20 to 30 years. Spending by students, and faculty and staff jobs, are a big part of the local economy.
As is often the case in a small city, Jacksonville doesn't have a public transportation system that people use for their commute.
The education level of Jacksonville citizens is substantially higher than the typical US community, as 31.25% of adults in Jacksonville have at least a bachelor's degree.
The per capita income in Jacksonville in 2010 was $19,131, which is middle income relative to Alabama, and lower middle income relative to the rest of the US. This equates to an annual income of $76,524 for a family of four. However, Jacksonville contains both very wealthy and poor people as well. Jacksonville also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 35.10% of its population below the federal poverty line.
Jacksonville is a very ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Jacksonville home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Jacksonville residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Jacksonville include Irish, English, Italian, and French .
The most common language spoken in Jacksonville is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and German.